The Institute MATERIALS has long-standing experience in managing a wide range of research co-operations, thus enabling the customers to successfully participate in national and international funded research projects. The team of around 80 researchers provides interdisciplinary solutions across the entire value chain (from the idea to design, simulation, proof of concept, lab testing, experimental setup and prototype), using cutting edge technologies and methods based on miniaturization, integration and materials optimization. Combined with state-of-the-art equipment and infrastructure MATERIALS offers innovative solutions and services tailored to the needs of business and industry. More than 20 years of close cooperation with leading research institutions enables MATERIALS to continuously improve and extend the portfolio of expertise.

Name of the KET Faciliator

Dipl. Ing. Daniele Cozzi, M.Sc.

Scientist – Additive Manufacturing

JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH
MATERIALS – Institute of Surface Technologies and Photonics
Laser and Plasma Processing

Phone number of the KET Faciliator

Tel.: +43 316 876 3308

Mob.: +43 660 4129554

RTO Competences

Products and services and technological solutions

Generally:
• Scientific & technological advice
• – Study / initial design / simulation
• – Proof of concept / lab testing of basic experimental set-up/ characterisation
• – Component/ plug-in-board / process development & testing
• – Prototyping (integrated system/ sub-system) development & testing
• – Pilot line / demonstration line / pre-series
Applications:
• Printed/flexible electronics: printed RFID tags and memories for autonomous intelligent environment by the Internet of Things
• Electronic and optical functional materials: intelligent and safe packaging of sensitive products like food and drugs: smart labels for protection, logistics, safety from counterfeiting
• Robotics / Human machine interaction: electronic skin for industry robots for save cooperation between man and machine
• Intelligent/ sensor-based equipment: active matrix addressing and in-pixel amplification in large area printed sensors; biocompatible transistors as biosensors in lab-on-a-foil sensor; wearable electronics; stretchable circuits for the control of sensors and displays
• Nanostructured coatings: nanostructured surfaces, foils with decorative, optical, energy-saving, adhesive functions, microfluidic structures
• Optical fibres: waveguides
• Lighting: colour mixing, light control (diffractive and refractive optical elements), light coupling and light transmission (e. g. for solid-state lighting, LED)
• Photodetectors: light guidance in modules and colouring; improved efficiency in photovoltaic modules / technology
• Optical components & systems: simulation, design and manufacturing of optimized optical components (diffractive, refractive, freeform micro-optics)
• Laser based applications: laser beam diagnostics; advice in laser processing; process development in the fields of laser welding, laser alloying and (3D) laser cladding
• Surfaces engineering and coatings: physical deposition methods in high vacuum; laser and plasma-assisted deposition methods (PVD, PLD, PACVD)
• Additive manufacturing: 3D printing using lasers on metallic components
• Intelligent sensor-based equipment: optical sensors and instruments; sensor textiles; nanosensors and nanofibers; Lab-on-Chip technology; biosensors
• Additive Manufacturing: maskless non-contact digital technologies; contact printing technologies
Added Value:
• The companies are offered the opportunity to participate in the new trends (e.g. IoT)
• Products can be innovated and equipped with new properties (e.g. biocompatibility, low friction, intelligence)
• Existing solutions can be extended by further unique features, which can only be realized with the help/implementation of the offered key enabling technologies.
Technologies: (for details see attachment word files)
• Optical sensors
• R2R-Nanoimprontlithographie
• Printed sensors PyzoFlex
• Plasma surface engineering
• Digital printing technology

Market of application

The most important market sectors are:

  • Automotive / transportation
  • Energy
  • Environment
  • Food
  • ICT industry (including electronics, computer and communication related products)
  • Medical & Healthcare
  • Production technology (machinery / equipment / automation)

Three detailed examples:

Applications for large-area, low-cost, highly resolved, structured foils:

  • Organic Electronics: conductive elements for thin conductors, nanoscale electrodes for organic transistors
  • Light management: optical 2.5D structures on foils for coupling and out-coupling, light guiding
  • Biomimetic structures: 3D-structured surfaces, imitating properties of biological structures
  • Bio-analytics: cost-effective, microfluidic elements on foils for lab-on-foil systems
  • Packaging, decoration, safety, labeling: high-tech film surfaces exhibiting improved optical, mechanical and chemical behavior due to their micro- and nano-structural properties.

Applications for large-scale, low-cost printed sensors (PyzoFlex®), which can be integrated into any curved or textured surface:

  • Consumer Electronics: Human-Machine-Interfaces, wearables, sport
  • Security: job safety, 360° motion detection, biometrics, access control
  • Smart city & smart living: user-oriented, efficient technologies  for smart buildings/offices
  • Ambient & Assisted Living: fall detection
  • Collaborative Robotics: artificial skin
  • Life sciences: large-scale, medical diagnostics
  • Automotive industries: energy harvesting, security
  • Vibration Monitoring : for structural health, condition monitoring and Industry 4.0
  • Energy harvesting applications for low power devices

Applications for laser- and plasma-assisted coating methods:

  • Medicine: Optimization of polyurethane human implant surfaces (artificial heart) by biocompatible coatings to prevent thrombosis formation.
  • Industry: Coating of plastic gears with diamond like carbon (DLC) to improve wear resistance and reduce friction.
  • Plant engineering: Using plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition (PACVD) in order to deposit thin layers directly from the plasma. A mechanism for coating the inner surface of tubing makes it possible to apply layers of polymer to inner surfaces of hoses and pipes. In a combined plasma system, planar substrates and three-dimensional components can be treated on the surface by: plasma etching, activation, coating and fluoridation.
  • Coating materials: The functional coatings, which are only a few nanometers to a few micrometers thick and can be applied to metals, ceramics, plastics and composites, are desirable for their biocompatible, antibacterial, anti-adhesive (non-stick), adhesive, sensory, catalytic, tribological, wear-resistant, decorative, optical, electronic, electrical, anti-corrosive, gas-permeable or impermeable, or dielectric characteristics according to the different applications in which they are used.

Key Enabling Technologies

  • Advanced Manufacturing Technologies
  • Advanced materials
  • Industrial Biotechnology
  • Micro- and Nanoelectronics
  • Nanotechnology
  • Photonics

Research Areas

  • Hybrid Electronics and Patterning
  • Light and Optical Technologies
  • Laser and Plasma Processing
  • Sensors and Functional Printing
  • Smart Connected Lighting

KET activities

The following Key Enabling Technologies Activities are mainly offered:

  • Smart manufacturing / industry 4.0
  • Robotics / human machine interaction
  • Process industry (e.g. processing of novel materials, structures)
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Intelligent/ sensor-based equipment
  • Electronic and optical functional materials
  • Smart and multifunctional materials (incl. phase change, shape memory, self-healing)
  • Surface engineering and coatings
  • Polymers, bioplastics
  • Opto-electronics (optical networks, optical sensors)
  • Printed/flexible electronics
  • Heterogeneous components & more than Moore (MEMS, NEMS, sensors, transducers)
  • Nanostructured coatings
  • Nanoparticles Nanowires and tubes
  • Nano-emulsions and pigments
  • Photodetectors (solar cells, photo-diodes, photo-transistors)
  • Optical fibres
  • Laser based applications
  • Lighting (LED, OLED)
  • Optical components & systems

Keywords

Optical sensors,

  • breath gas analysis, sensor textiles, ultra-fasr O2 sensors, smart color textiles
  • Cheap and easy manufacturing process , miniaturization, high flexibility,technology easy to understand

R2R-Nanoimprontlithographie

  • Large Area Micro Structuring
  • Light Management
  • Bionic structures
  • Cost-effective high-tech Structured Foils

Printed sensors PyzoFlex®

  • Printable sensor technology
  • Smart Sensors
  • Pyroelectric and piezoelectric effect

Plasma surface engineering

  • Innovative coatings for metal and plastic parts
  • Biocompatibility
  • Low friction
  • Adjustable Electrical Conductivity
  • Improved wear and corrosion resistance
  • Defined behavior (hydrophobic/ hydrophilic)

Digital printing technology

  • Functionalized Inks
  • High resolution and flexibility

Quick manufacturing process

Infrastructure

Overview

  • Surface, film and material characterisation methods
  • Optical Analytics
  • Structuring and deposition methods
  • Lasers and NC-controlled equipment complying with industrial standards
  • Modelling and simulation
  • Chemo- and biosensor development
  • Electronics development

Infrastructure: detailed:

Surface, film and material characterisation methods

  • Surface morphology by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) or atomic force microscopy (AFM)
  • Surface chemical analysis by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS / ESCA, depth profiling)
  • Scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM)
  • Spectroscopic ellipsometry
  • Profilometry (stylus profilometer)
  • Film thickness measurement in the micrometer range using the spherical cap grinding method (calo test)
  • Measurement of residual film stress using the bending beam method
  • Contact angle measurement
  • Colorimetry, Viscosimetry, Zeta potential
  • Electrical characterisation of components using a parameter analyser
  • UV-VIS-NIR spectroscopy, Luminescence spectroscopy
  • Polarisation spectroscopy, Picosecond photophysics
  • Multiphoton spectroscopy and lithography
  • Light microscopie analysis, Photogonimetry
  • Quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D)
  • Thermal analysis (thermogravimetric analysis / differential scannig calorimetry – TGA / DSC)
  • Infrared spectroscopy, Metallography
  • X-ray fluorescence analysis (XRF)

Optical Analytics

  • Spectroscopisc Ellipsometry
  • Colour Measurement
  • UV-VIS-NIR Spectroscopy
  • Luminescenc Spectroscopy
  • Polarisation Spectroscopy
  • Picosecond-Photophysic
  • Morephotons-Spectroscopy and Lithography
  • Photogoniometry
  • Infrarot Spectroscopy
  • X-Ray fluoresence analysis

Structuring and deposition methods

  • Roll-to-roll plant with nanoimprint lithography
  • Nanoimprint lithography in a batch process (up to 4 x 4 inch)
  • Industrial vacuum deposition facilities for hybrid PLD process (magnetron cathode sputtering and ion beam deposition), max. vacuum chamber diameter 500 mm, coating height 400 mm
  • Low temperature sputtering system (max 50 °C substrate temperature)
  • High-resolution laser lithography
  • Electron beam lithography
  • Photo lithography
  • 2 chamber high-vacuum deposition unit with sample and mask transfer
  • Seperate high-vacuum systems for organic and inorganic deposition
  • Parylene deposition (surface polymerisation)
  • Inkjet printing
  • Reactive ion etching (anisotropic etching)

Lasers and NC-controlled equipment complying with industrial standards

  • CO2 laser, 6 kW (Trumpf)
  • Yb:YAG laser, 6 kW (Trumpf)
  • Yb:YAG laser, 3 kW (Trumpf)
  • Nd:YAG laser, 2 kW (Rofin-Sinar)
  • 3D metal printer (EOS, Farsoon)
  • Laser station with 6-axis articulated robot (ABB)
  • 5-axis CNC combined laser metal deposition and milling station (Röders)
  • 6-axis CNC laser station (Held)
  • 5-axis CNC laser station (Arnold)

Modelling and simulation

  • Optical simulation (ray tracing, FDTD methods, multilayer analysis, wave propagation methods)
  • Finite element methods (thermal modelling and fluid dynamics)

Chemo- and biosensor development

  • QCM-D (quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring) – Q-Sense E4
  • Non-contract piezoelectric microspotting – Scienion S3
  • Fluorescence Microarray-Laserscanner – GeneFocus DNAscope LM
  • Microplate Reader (for Absorption, Fluorescence, Chemiluminescence) – Tecan Infinite M200 Pro
  • Fluorescence-microscopy – Olympus BX51
  • Chemical synthesis laboratory
  • Präcision-gas-measurement
  • Climatic-test-cupboards
  • Electrospinning of polymer-nanofibers

Electronics development

  • Professional software package (Altium Designer) for printed circuit board design and circuit simulation including 3D modeling
  • Programming environment for Xilinx FPGAs
  • Programming environment for the MSP430 family from Texas Instruments
  • Rapid prototyping for printed circuit boards
    • Circuit board plotter for the fabrication of single- and double layer circuit boards
    • Electro plating system for creating multilayer PCBs with plated through holes
    • UV-exposure unit  to apply the solder resist and component imprint to circuit boards
    • Professional solder equipment for the manually assembly of PCBs
  • Up to date and certified measurement instruments (Oscilloscope, Parameter Analyzer, Pico Ampere Meter,…) for metrological tasks and test assemblies
  • System design software (LabView Professional) and certified developers for building of measuring-, control- and  regulation systems
  • 2D/3D-CAD software package (AutoCAD, SolidWorks) for the design of mechanical components for prototype construction