Mission of the Institute:
- Interdisciplinary research on complex functional materials and nanometer-scale structures, exploration of physical, chemical, and biological principles, their exploitation in integrated micro- and nanosystems, and in the development of characterization techniques.
- Dissemination of the results in international programs, education and industrial R&D, with special attention to the needs of SMEs.
Medium term R&D plan:
- Research of new 2D semiconductors. Defect-engineering: the properties of novel 2D materials through atomic scale modification and investigation of the novel properties. Precise fabrication of 2D hetero-structures (artificial crystals) built layer-by-layer from various 2D crystals with controlled rotational orientation, and investigating the atomic and electronic structure of the new materials by experimental and computer simulation methods.
- Research of semiconductors in cooperation with EU partners in the field of nitride transistors, metal based transistors, microscopy of novel 2D semiconducting layers, superconductors.Research on MEMS / NEMS sensor principles, development of autonomous, flexible, wearable and integrated micro and nanosystems for environmental sensors, physical (mechanical, optical, thermal), medical (microfluidic, biochemical sensors,) applications and their validation in real conditions.Development special microfluidic systems for sample transport, for preparation,for molecule detection and for analysis in Lab-on-a-Chip devices.
- Development of various semiconductor micro and nanosystems, application of new materials, structures and functions, transfer the results to SMEs and industrial partners.
- Synthesis of layers with appropriate bandgap for solar cell applications including Fe2S2 and FeSiS4. Research of ceramic composite and development of multilayered Si3N4 / graphene coatings for the nanostructured transparent AlON ceramics.
- Development of highly sensitive and reliable label-free biosensors, optical methods capable of monitoring single cells from a heterogeneous population; combined with single cell manipulation techniques (micropipette, FluidFM). Another goal is to fabricate functional surfaces with well-controlled chemical, mechanical and topological properties. Various compounds (anticancer agents, exosomes, other cells) will be added to the cells and tissue models and their responses will be monitored. Optical and biophysical theoretical models for interpreting the measured signals and the kinetics.
- Development and improvement of non-destructive material characterization methods in magnetic testing of industrial materials, single-particle spectroscopy and preparation of nanostructures, optical surface characterization and sensing. Targeted applications include the investigation of industrial metal constructions, sensors, nanostructures for optoelectonics and photovoltaics.
optical and magnetic characterizaton
complex system simulations
Key Enabling Technologies
photonics and optics
micro- and nanotechnology
Products services and technological solutions
Development of the following sensors and devices:
i) 3D MEMS force sensors in “smart laparoscope” and its first application in Minimal Invasive Surgery robot
ii) Development autonomous microfluidic systems for Lab-on-a-Chip based Point-of-Care medical diagnostics in cooperation with industrial partners
iii) Wafer scale integration of piezoelectric semiconductor nanowires and demonstration of the proof-of-concept of very high resolution 3D tactile sensing.
A novel device concept based on the world-first experimental realization within our institute of sub-10nm zigzag graphene nanoribbons was suggested which enables the control of both charge and spin signals.
A novel oxidation process of 2D MoS2 crystals was discovered, which is an efficient catalyst of the hydrogen evolution reaction, due to the single oxygen atom sites incorporated into the lattice.
New biocompatible coatings were developed for human implants with very high bioactivity realized by powder technology from eggshells and seashells, as well as Si3N4 based ceramic composites with graphene addition with 2 times lower wear.
A micro-combinatorical method was developed (and patented), which allows the study and testing of a linearly variable composition of materials co-deposited on the single 3 mm sized TEM grid.
A bacteria repellent layer based on oriented flagellin films was developed. They have successfully employed a label-free optical biosensor for on-line monitoring the integrated response of human B cells upon the engagement of stimulatory and inhibitory immune receptors.
Successful development of cutting-edge methods and tools for the non-destructive optical and magnetic characterization of materials and surface nanostructures including spectroscopy, magnetic test, topography characterization and sensors for water pollution.
In the field of sociophysics and evolutionary games the statistical physics group described different mechanisms (punishment, information sharing, collaborations, etc.) which help the societies to maintain the cooperative behavior. The relevance of Griffiths phases is justified for several systems including energy grid analysis
Market of the application
material structure development and characterization
measurement applications (PV, surfaces)
personalized healthcare instruments (lab on a chip solutions),
car industry applications (tyre sensor)
The biggest part of our infrastructure is the semiconductor clean laboratory with a lot of semiconductor preparation equipment including lithography, e-beam lithography, implanter, reactive ion etching. ALD atomic layer deposition growth, sputtering units etc.
Other laboratories also have UHV low temperature STM scanning tunneling microscopes, Raman spectrometer, AFMs including fluid AFM, three transmission electron microscopes including the first aberration corrected TEM/STEM of Hungary purchased in 2018.
Two dual beam microscopes (FEG_SEM + FIB) and a complete laboratory for the development of novel ceramics with hot isostatic pressure, attritor mills, etc. Thus, MFA is unique in Hungary under the aspect of the number and type of microscopes operated within a single research organization. This unique infrastructure is made much more valuable by the several decades expertise of researchers in the field of functional and smart materials science.